[1]冉 喻,吴淑琼.近义情态动词行为特征的量化研究——以“该”“应该”和“应当”为例[J].浙江外国语学院学报,2022,(01):66-75.
 RAN Yu,WU Shuqiong.A Quantitative Study of Behavioral Profiles of Synonymous Modal Verbs: A Case Study on “Gai”, “Yinggai” and “Yingdang”[J].,2022,(01):66-75.
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近义情态动词行为特征的量化研究——以“该”“应该”和“应当”为例(/HTML)
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《浙江外国语学院学报》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2022年01期
页码:
66-75
栏目:
语言学及应用语言学
出版日期:
2022-06-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Quantitative Study of Behavioral Profiles of Synonymous Modal Verbs: A Case Study on “Gai”, “Yinggai” and “Yingdang”
作者:
冉 喻1吴淑琼2
1.四川外国语大学 英语学院,重庆 400031;2.四川外国语大学 外国语文研究中心,重庆 400031
Author(s):
RAN Yu1WU Shuqiong2
1.School of English Studies, Sichuan International Studies University, Chongqing 400031, China; 2.Center for Linguistic, Literary and Cultural Studies, Sichuan International Studies University, Chongqing 400031, China
关键词:
近义情态动词行为特征分析法聚类分析对应分析主观性
Keywords:
synonymous modal verbs behavioral profile analysis cluster analysis correspondence analysis subjectivity
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
本研究采用基于语料库的行为特征分析法,运用聚类分析和对应分析探讨了近义情态动词“该”“应该”和“应当”的语义结构和用法特征。研究发现:1)“应该”和“应当”的语义相似性较高,而“该”与二者的语义差异明显;2)三个近义情态动词在后接成分、句类、句法位置、副词修饰语和主语类别等用法特征方面存在较大差异;3)三个近义情态动词的主观性强弱也存在差别,按由强到弱的排序依次为“应该”“应当”“该”。本研究采用量化分析法揭示了三个近义情态动词行为特征的异同,为汉语情态动词研究提供了新的路径。
Abstract:
This study conducts a corpus-based behavioral profile analysis of the semantic structures and usage features of synonymous modal verbs “gai”, “yinggai” and “yingdang” in Chinese. The analysis yields the following findings. First, the cluster analysis shows that “yinggai” and “yingdang” share many similarities, and the semantic differences between “gai” and the other two are significant. Second, the correspondence analysis shows that the three synonymous modal verbs exhibit great differences in their usage features, including their subsequent components, sentence types, syntactic position, adverb modifiers and subject types. Third, the three synonymous modal verbs also demonstrate differences in subjectivity, and their subjectivity, in order from strong to weak, is “yinggai”, “yingdang” and “gai”. Using the quantitative method, the study reveals the similarities and differences among the three synonymous modal verbs, which provides a new paradigm for the study on modal verbs in Chinese.
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-06-28