[1]陈建华,都 宁.试论甲柏连孜的比较句法思想[J].浙江外国语学院学报,2021,(02):19-24.
 CHEN Jianhua,DU Ning.A Study of Gabelentz’s Thoughts on Comparative Syntax[J].,2021,(02):19-24.
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《浙江外国语学院学报》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
19-24
栏目:
语言学及应用语言学
出版日期:
2021-08-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Study of Gabelentz’s Thoughts on Comparative Syntax
作者:
陈建华1都 宁2
(1.北京联合大学 旅游学院,北京 100101;2.北京联合大学 公共外语教学部,北京 100101)
Author(s):
CHEN Jianhua1DU Ning2
(1.College of Tourism, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China; 2.Department of English Teaching and Research,Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China)
关键词:
甲柏连孜比较句法研究句法学史
Keywords:
Gabelentz comparative syntax study historiography of syntax
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
德国语言学家和汉学家乔治·冯·德·甲柏连孜常被誉为现代语言类型学的奠基人,他的比较句法思想不仅为后世句法研究提供了有益启示,也使其汉语研究在学界独树一帜。本文主要围绕甲柏连孜早期的两篇重要论文《试论比较句法学》(1869)和《再论比较句法学》(1875),探讨其以下几个比较句法思想:强调句法比较的共时多语言基础、注重句法比较中词序的句法价值、寻求句法比较中的普遍心理法则。不可否认,甲柏连孜的比较句法思想带有一定的心理主义色彩,然而加以重温对于理解他在句法学史上的地位和作用,乃至寻找不同语言句法背后的普遍原则,仍具有重要的建设性意义。
Abstract:
German sinologist and linguist Georg von der Gabelentz is regarded as the father of modern linguistic typology. His pioneering views on comparative syntax contribute both to the current syntactic researches and the originality of his research into Chinese language. The present study mainly focuses on his two important early papers, i.e. “Ideas on Comparative Syntax” (1869) and “More on Comparative Syntax. Word and Sentence Order” (1875), based on which some of his thoughts on comparative syntax are discussed. These include taking full consideration of synchronic linguistic diversity, attaching great importance to the syntactic value of word order, and trying to propose a universal psychological rule in comparative syntax study. There is no denying that Gabelentz’s thoughts on comparative syntax have a certain psychological slant, but a review of his works still has great significance in understanding his position and role in the history of syntax as well as seeking out universal principles for the syntax of different languages.
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-08-27