[1]马志刚,张孝荣.非宾格词素、致使义与汉语动结式词/句的句法辨析研究[J].浙江外国语学院学报,2021,(06):26-36.
 MA Zhigang,ZHANG Xiaorong.Unaccusative Morphemes, Causative Meaning and the Syntactic Differentiation Between Verbal Resultative Compounds and Verbal Resultative Constructions in Chinese[J].,2021,(06):26-36.
点击复制

非宾格词素、致使义与汉语动结式词/句的句法辨析研究(/HTML)
分享到: 更多

《浙江外国语学院学报》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2021年06期
页码:
26-36
栏目:
语言学及应用语言学
出版日期:
2022-04-11

文章信息/Info

Title:
Unaccusative Morphemes, Causative Meaning and the Syntactic Differentiation Between Verbal Resultative Compounds and Verbal Resultative Constructions in Chinese
文章编号:
2095-2074(2021)06-0026-11
作者:
马志刚1张孝荣2
1.广东外语外贸大学 外国语言学及应用语言学研究中心/词典学研究中心,广东 广州 510420;2.安徽师范大学 外国语学院,安徽 芜湖 241002
Author(s):
MA Zhigang1ZHANG Xiaorong2
1.Center for Linguistics and Applied Linguistics/Center for Lexicalgraphical Studies, Guangdong University of ForeignStudies, Guangzhou 510420, China; 2.School of Foreign Studies, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, China
关键词:
最简句法语段理论题元倒置动结式非宾格词素轻动词
Keywords:
minimalist syntax phase theory verbal resultative constructions with flip-flop theta arrangements unaccusative morphemes light verbs
分类号:
H314.3
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
针对动结式指词还是指句界限模糊的问题,本文提出动结式句的概念并对其加以严格定义,从而既可以与单论元非宾格句加以区分,也可以与含有动结式复合词的处置义及物句相区别。本文通过对含有动结式复合词的相关句式的研究得出如下结论:处置义句式属于典型的及物句,因有施事性主语而允准重动句的变体;题元倒置句表达致使义,因无施事性主语而排斥重动句的变体。动结式句中的V2(包括形容词和及物性可转换的非作格动词)理应属于广义的非宾格词素,其所蕴含的非自主状态变化义是动结式句中结果事件获得概念化的词汇语义根源。本文中所有的相关句式均可在最简方案框架下推导生成,符合结果成分作补语而方式成分作附加语的普遍性句法特征,以及自然语言中结构构建和转换的统一性原则。
Abstract:
That the term Verbal Resultatives is generally used at the word-level or sentence-level remains unclear, which, in the current literature, is reflected in the use of the terms of Verbal Resultative Compounds (VRComs) and Verbal Resultative Constructions (VRCons). The present article aims at delimiting the boundaries between VRComs and VRCons, thereby differentiating unaccusative/state sentences, verbal causative sentences and disposal/activity sentences. On the basis of the present proposal, this article arrives at the following conclusions: disposal sentences are transitive ones, licensing verb-reduplicating variants due to its agentive subjects; causative sentences with flip-flop theta roles denote causative meaning, excluding verb-redupicating variants, due to its lack of agentive arguments. However, the V2 morphemes (including adjectives and unergtive verbs with optional transitivity) in VRCons are exclusively unaccusative in nature, with change-of-state meaning constituting the source of the conceptualization of resultive events. The light verbs in VRCons and the normal transitive constructions are the major syntactic components, respectively sub-categorizing CAUSER arguments and AGENTIVE arguments as the subjects, thereby satisfying the requirement of spec-head configuration. Relevant constructions can be derived from the same set of structure-building mechanisms, thus being in line with the uniformity condition of the theoretical requirement of natural languages and with the syntactic universal that resultative constituents being complements and manner constituents being adjuncts.

相似文献/References:

[1]马志刚.最简句法中VP内的(非)优化合并顺序与使令义兼语句研究[J].浙江外国语学院学报,2014,(01):1.
[2]马志刚.基于论元移位对英语主语型和宾语型提升结构的句法分析[J].浙江外国语学院学报,2016,(01):52.

更新日期/Last Update: 2022-04-21